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Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Description:
A large dark brown vulture with a naked red head up to 31 inches in length with a wing span up to and 70 inches.

Habitat:
A wide variety of habitats, easily habituates to human development.

Range:
Nearly all of the lower 48 states and sections of southern Canada.

Diet:
Carrion including road kill and washed-up fish, rotten fruit and vegetables, plant matter, insects, other invertebrates, reptiles, bird nestlings…even animal dung.

Life Span:
Up to 16 years in the wild and 33 years in zoos.

Family Life:
Turkey vultures breed once a year between March and June and lay up to 3 eggs after a a 30-40 day incubation period. The chicks gain their flight feathers within 80 days and are independent by 90 days.

Status:
Common, protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

True or false? Engineers have been known to use a bird’s sense of smell to detect leaks in natural gas┬ápipelines.

True: Engineers will use Turkey vultures (Cathartes Aura) to detect leaks in natural gas lines with their amazing sense of smell. They pump a gas called ethyl mercaptan into pipelines. This is the gas produced by decaying carrion. Turkey vultures home in on the scent escaping from leaks.