Turkey Vulture (Cathartes Aura)

True or false? Engineers have been known to use a bird's sense of smell to detect leaks in natural gas
pipelines. 

True: Engineers will use Turkey vultures (Cathartes Aura) to detect leaks in natural gas lines with their amazing sense of smell. They pump a gas called ethyl mercaptan into pipelines. This is the gas produced by decaying carrion. Turkey vultures home in on the scent escaping from leaks.

Description: 

A large dark brown vulture with a naked red head up to 31 inches in length with a wing span up to and 70 inches.

Habitat: 

A wide variety of habitats, easily habituates to human development.

Range: 

Nearly all of the lower 48 states and sections of southern Canada.

Diet: 

Carrion including road kill and washed-up fish, rotten fruit and vegetables, plant matter, insects, other invertebrates, reptiles, bird nestlings...even animal dung.

Life Span: 

Up to 16 years in the wild and 33 years in zoos.

Family Life: 

Turkey vultures breed once a year between March and June and lay up to 3 eggs after a a 30-40 day incubation period. The chicks gain their flight feathers within 80 days and are independent by 90 days.

Status: 

Common, protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.